1 GESTION PARTICIPATIVE, PUBLIC SPACE, AND IMPROVING NEIGHBORHOOD MANAGUA, MAY 2004
2-ONE That is public space? Social Capital: Identity and trust, TWO public Space, participation and social fabric THREE Approaches, methodologies and practices
3 ONE THAT IS PUBLIC SPACE? The public spaces are by nature heterogeneous: establish, preserve, promote and organize the communication between different people. Support multiple definitions, meanings and attributes according to the perspective from which they understand.
4 Which meanings and attributes can be assigned to the public spaces? Instead of relationship and identification, public policies, social sharing, animation and urban expression community.
5 What defines the nature of public space is the use and not the legal status. The public space implies public domain, free, use, collective social, and diversity activities.
6 CONSTRUCTION OF SOCIETY OR SOCIAL CAPITAL? A vague concept. Trends and critical in the use of the concept and on the strategies derived from the. An invitation to reconstruct, forms of cooperation, as a way of decreasing trends to the disgregacion social and increase the efficiency of the action group.
7 dimensions are present? Sense of belonging and identity Construction of trust: personal, family and social Sociability: a reflection of confidence in the sense of sharing something common; Security: as a consequence, linked to the confidence in the other; Valoracion personal: related to the identity of who I am and how I am in relation to others?
8 Sense of belonging and identity Dwell means, take hold, seize a territory, as an individual, family and group live in a neighborhood demand an organization of social life through processes of appropriation spatial, material, symbolic. The ward as a family history, and collective. Stories of appropriation and roots in which the inhabitants represent themselves as actors.
9 For appropriate proposals of transformation neighborhood, you need to feel part of the processes of participation collective. The experience shows, that the shared projects that enable cooperation are key pieces in the construction of the collective identity, they contribute in many ways to a territorial belonging, spatial.
10 it Is from, a process of articulation of collective stories and perceptions particular that it generates a public assets. The recovery of the memory of historical, the celebration of holidays and anniversaries, the definition of names for streets and squares, constitute a heritage which is important to strengthen.
11 how to build confidence? Distrust, the cause and effect of the debilitation to act collectively. The confidence, the belief that with the other we can build a future. Shared histories, assessment and recognition public. Formation of social capital. Circles virtuoso: successful experiences of trust were renewed. Circles vicious: lack of trust undermines cooperation and increases the distrust.
12 the extent to which the participation and relations of co-operation constitutes heritage,tradition? It is possible to empower them by strategies and actions appropriate?
13 TWO public Space, participation and social fabric Use of the public space: indicator of capacity of appropriation of the public good, the level of integration of social, importance of sense of belonging, in a city, and particularly in a neighborhood. Quality public space: intensity and quality of social relationships that facilitates, ability to accommodate different groups and activities, to stimulate the integration and social identification are mostly symbolic..
14 The public spaces: trenches of identity and learning places of otherness
15 Promote urban initiatives in the us to this present. Improvement strategies neighborhood, in the public spaces, promoting diversity: groups of young people, women, sports etc ..
16 Heterogeneity, and the importance of identification of people with places, symbolic Spaces with ability to organize exchanges. If not the communication is established through the conflict: ignorance, rejection, aggression.
17 In a context of poverty, the quality of the public spaces is very important: in the design and in the materials. Location of the housing, position of the fronts of them and their spaces forwards. Elements that facilitate and graduate the contact between the inside of the house and the outside. Trees, plants and the urban furniture elements are a priority to improve the quality of the public spaces Lighting and pavimentacion of the sidewalks and streets are fundamental.
18 When the design hinders the everyday use of public space with walls, sites, terrains or closing elements is not transparent, it negatively affects the visual contact and physical neighbors.
19 If the edges of the public space conducive to the contact, this acquire value and vitality as a place of daily meeting
20 Characteristics of the public spaces of quality: they Are well-defined spaces and provided, create interiority. Its edges are constructed and are vital (and services trade). They are clearly organized and its different zones are delimited (for treatments of floors, pavement, lawn). Their circulations are differentiated (pedestrian and vehicular). Have street furniture benches, playgrounds, trash cans, phone, and vegetation.
21 THREE Approach, methodology and practices in The public space can be an actor in the processes of improvement in his neighborhood, in terms of social, cultural and material. Raise the quality of use of public spaces involves a contribution to the strengthening of the integration of social, sense of belonging, participation and sociability in a neighbourhood, an area or a city. A higher and a better social life, this is closely linked to the appropriation of the collective public space.
22 Gestion participative Strengthen the social fabric, and enhance populations and neighborhoods, assumed to involve the inhabitants in the design and management of the public spaces. Participation contributes to a better use: Away the mistrust and the insecurity of daily life. The appropriation of the public spaces is an effective way of fighting crime.
23 A participatory process has a number of positive effects: it Strengthens the bonds between families and between neighbors. Strengthens leadership and the capacity of action of social organizations. Favors the ability to achieve agreements among local actors: organizations, municipalities,ngos, etc, Promotes greater autonomy of the community in the management of their problems.
24 Various practices show that the design of participatory public spaces is a means to: Express needs and aspirations. specific (gender, age, groups of interest) and general (safety, recreation, culture, nature etc) to Establish, prioritize and negotiate priorities, based on common requirements.
25 The design of participatory, it is also an end, in the sense that it embodies a quality that is appropriate to the needs and aspirations expressed by the community.
26 The community participation in the projects environment to the public space local they are an impetus to processes of greatest appropriation of territorial communities. Organizations and neighbors to gain knowledge and experience in the management of the territory.
27 Promoting a management of sustainable public spaces local means to work in three lines leading to: Strengthen public spaces as scenarios for the meeting and the interactions and, therefore, to encourage such places. Engage and train the community in its management to ensure its use. Joint actors, actions and resources to optimize the management.
28 A process of management of public spaces that articulate efforts, interests and various visions of the different, would enhance the social capital of the actors involved. In this perspective the municipality is an actor with an important leadership role to encourage the articulation of local spaces around public.
29 PROJECTS PARTICIPATORY Spaces in Calama and in Marquise Elqui valley, Chile public Spaces produced with participation of the community, which inhabits the immediate environment. Are poor. In the case of Calama is added to a high rate of insecurity and crime.
30 Strategy methodological: it Considers the active participation of the community involved. In the activities, the emphasis is on the decision making articulated and collective of the participants. Prioritizes experiences and specific requirements of the communities, considering their specific needs, gender and age. It drives a process of formation in action, which is embodied in agreements and actions among local actors.
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Description of the article: determinants of demand MANAGEMENT, PARTICIPATORY PUBLIC SPACE, AND IMPROVING NEIGHBORHOOD MANAGUA, MAY 2004, ONE That is public space? Social Capital: Identity and trust, TWO public Space, participation and social fabric